All That You Need to Know About High School Curriculum in Nigeria

High School Curriculum Definition

A curriculum refers to the academic content that is taught in school or a program. By definition, curriculum is the set of courses that schools offer to students.

These may also pertain to skills and knowledge that students must learn or master at the end of the course. Moreover, a curriculum may mean learning objectives that are expected to be achieved by students.

Thus, through a series of books, videos, assessment methods, and other techniques, learners can move to the next level upon completion of the course assigned to them.

Teachers usually develop the curricula they present to students, which are improved throughout the years. However, there are cases when teachers adopt to the syllabi and courses designed by other educators.

There are some curriculum templates that they use to structure their programs, as well as implement pre-designed curricula from companies and educational institutions.

Some schools may also invest in comprehensive curriculum packages that revolve around a specific subject area for the teachers to use. The curriculum may also apply to the academic requirements of the school for graduation purposes.

Hence, students must be able to pass the courses they take and complete the credits necessary for them to move to the next level.

Importance of Curriculum in High School

A High School curriculum serves many purposes, but mainly it is to enhance the student’s knowledge and skill. In addition, college admissions involve several factors, with the High School record being a part of it.

Several colleges look into the course load and how challenging it is to develop the student’s mental capacities. Having excellent grades in IB and AP courses are also considered as more impressive than achieving good grades in a regular High School class.

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In most cases, colleges look past the GPA and zero in closely on the specific courses of applicants. This means that students should see to it that their grades in High School/secondary school have gone up higher over time, with more emphasis on the junior and senior years.

The selection of your courses in High School must be parallel to what is expected from students in the college or university you wish to enter. This is why it is best for you to learn more about these course requirements indicated by your preferred college, so you can meet these accordingly.

For students who are aiming to go to University, there are certain high school courses they should take. These include English (4 years), mathematics (3 years), Science (3 years), Social Sciences (3 years), Foreign Language (2 years). Completing these courses can equip aspiring college students to enter the school of their choice after their High School years.

How to Enrich the Curriculum in High School

In general, teachers can only do so much to create a positive influence on their students’ success. This involves enriching the curriculum, so it will help advance learners’ achievement and professional development. One way to do this is by collaborating with other teachers since educators need to connect and reach out to one another to develop a richer curriculum.

Considering the fact that a teacher may not be an expert in other subject areas, it helps to develop and enrich the course content by working with other teachers specializing in such programs.

It is also worth noting that collaboration is not all about curriculum development. This also pertains to consulting other teachers who share with their teaching philosophies that can help address issues in the school.

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By doing so, a more comprehensive and expansive curriculum can be developed for the betterment of the learners.

Another way to enrich the curriculum is by looking at yourself as a student. You need to keep in mind that even if you are a teacher, you should maintain the concept that you are a lifelong learner. Sustain that hunger for learning and be up-to-date with recent developments relevant to your field.

By thinking out of the box, being creative and resourceful, you can design an enriching and functional curriculum for your students. The idea is to continue to search for ways to further improve the present curriculum instead of allowing it to remain stagnant and outdated.

High School Curriculum Standards

High School covers grades 9 to 12. During this period, students can select their core classes, depending on the state or school where they are located. Local school districts are usually the ones managing these schools instead of the central government.

In the United States, High Schools may offer either a college preparatory or vocational curriculum. In the case of a vocational program, this involves technical specialization with an approved work program that will prepare learners for employment even without holding a college degree.

Regardless of the curriculum, there are courses required by many states to be taught in schools. These include mathematics, English, social studies, and science. These are supposed to be taken every year, with at least 4 English credits required to graduate.

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Some of the classes involve drama, literature, foreign language, public speaking, and technical and creative writing. As for science, three courses must be completed including physics, chemistry, and biology. Other science studies may be offered such as environmental science, astronomy, geology, and forensic science.

Mathematics in High School includes the main courses such as pre-algebra, geometry, algebra I and II with trigonometry. There are also advanced options including statistics, calculus, and pre-calculus. To graduate, a minimum of 3 math credits are necessary for graduation.

Lastly, social science is another core course required in High School. Classes include economics, government, and U.S and world history. Students are free to take up additional classes such as psychology, sociology, law, and criminal justice.

Electives may also be offered in public High Schools, but the availability of these relies on the budget of the school. A few credits of electives such as physical education and foreign language may be necessary to move on to college, although it depends on what is required from applicants.

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